An immigrant from Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany, John Scheuerman took up arms for his new country on May 27, 1861, when he was 24 years old. He enlisted into Company K, 9th Ohio Volunteer Infantry and eventually made sergeant. Although he served 3 years, 2 months and 22 days, according to his reporting on the 1890 Veterans Census, part of that time was spent in the hospital recovering from a serious injury.
The report of Dr. Israel Moses, surgeon in the U.S. Army, concerning injuries sustained in the Chickamauga campaign, mentioned James Scheuerman as one of the cases handled. (War of the Rebellion, Volume XXX)
Dr. Moses reported, in part:
"Private J. Scheuermann, Co. K, 9th Ohio, aged 28 years, was wounded at Chickamauga, September 19, 1863, and admitted to the field hospital of the 3d division, Fourteenth Corps, where Surgeon J. R. Arter, 31st Ohio, noted, 'Shot fracture of right thigh.'
Several weeks after the reception of the injury, the wounded man was transferred to hospital at Chatanooga, subsequently to Bridgeport, and on December 11th, to Murfreesboro, whence Assistant Surgeon G. V. Woolen, 27th Indiana, reported the case as follows:
'The ball entered the limb anteriorly, about four inches above the knee joint, passing backward and upward, fracturing the femur ...and lodging in the gluteus maximus muscle... About three months after his admission the patient had an attack of erysipelas (bacterial infection of the skin), which subsided, but left the limb in an edematous (swollen with water) condition. At this time, his constitutional condition had become very feeble, his appetite was wanting, and he was unable to sleep from pain in the wound, which was discharging considerable quantities of ichorous pus (contains shreds of tissue and has a fetid odor).
It was then deemed proper to remove the limb, and amputation was performed by Assistant Surgeon J. E. Link, 21st Illinois, on March 18, 1864. The operation was done...the ligatures were applied and chloroform was used. The patient rallied well from the operation and immediately began to improve in general health. In the course of a month, the stump was closed. The patient was subsequently transferred to Washington Park Hospital, Cincinnati, mustered out of service July 14, 1864, and supplied with an artificial limb of Dr. Bly's pattern one year afterwards.
He is a pensioner and was paid September 4, 1879. Scheuerman was living in Defiance, Defiance Co., Ohio, in 1890 and died in 1906."
John Scheuerman married in Cincinnati Miss Maria Sandkuehler on January 30, 1866, according to a family researcher. The family appeared in the 1880 census, living on Clinton Street in Defiance. John, 46, was a cigar manufacturer, while Mary, his wife, 37, kept house and raised their six children, at the time: Louisa and Anna, 13; George, 9; John (Jr.), 8; Amelia, 4; and Andrew, 2.
John died on January 12, 1906 and was buried at Riverside Cemetery. Several newspapers carried his obituary:
|Defiance Daily Crescent, January 12, 1906|
|Defiance Daily Crescent, January 13, 1906|