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Monday, January 15, 2018

Emory Shank and the Farmer School Bus

Emory Shank drove his school bus in the village of Farmer or in the Farmer area, picking up the school children along the way.  Notice the door and the steps at the back of the bus.  (Hmmm...that front wheel on the bus looks a little wonky, too.)
No date was on the photo, but the children were identified.

Paul McCullough, Kenneth McCullough, Helen Hutchins, Ida Smith, Isola Walters, Mabel Rice, Francis Meek, Ralph Burns

Emory passed away in 1939, and his obituary appeared in the Defiance Crescent-News on December 20.

Wednesday, January 10, 2018

The 100th Anniversary of Fort Defiance

For many years, Lloyd V. Tuttle contributed historic photos and information to the Defiance Crescent-News for his column: "A Backward Glance."  The following articles were dated October 24, 1963 and October 31,1963.

"Aug. 7, 8, 9, 1894, when Defiance celebrated the 100th anniversary of Fort Defiance, one of the features of the observance was the restoration of the fort as it was when established by Gen. Anthony Wayne in 1794.

It had been a log fort and farmers, individuals, organizations and business firms sponsored logs to go into the restoration.  The logs were cut from the extensive forests that still existed in northwestern Ohio in 1894.  All together, 553 logs were donated.

The blockhouses and barricades were restored in exact duplicate of the old fort that stood there in 1794.  John H. Kiser, of the firm of Corwin and Kiser, was superintendent of construction.

After the centennial, the blockhouse stood on the fort ground for several years, but there were vandals those days, same as today, and they had to be torn down.  All that remains now are the embankments.

An interesting souvenir book was published during the centennial.  It contained a complete history of Fort Defiance and a list of the donors of the logs that were used to restore the old fort.  It was edited by William Carter and Henry G. Baker.

The picture is the work of Winters Bros., artists, Paulding.  It was loaned by Edward S. Bronson, who furnished the information."

"In 1894, when Defiance celebrated the 100th anniversary of Fort Defiance, the original fort was restored.  The log blockhouses and escarpments were built in every detail.  The above picture shows how Fort Defiance actually looked.

The blockhouses stood for a number of years, when it was found necessary to raze them because of vandalism.

The picture was taken by Winter Bros., Paulding, Ohio, and furnished by Edward S. Bronson."

Monday, January 8, 2018

Frederick Conrad - G.A.R., Bishop Post

According to past census records, Frederick Conrad was born on March 1, 1840, in Bavaria, Germany.  He and his parents immigrated to America in 1848 or 1849.

 By the 1860 census, young Frederick was plying his trade as a barber in Norwalk, Huron County, Ohio.  He lived in the boarding house of Paulina Coffinberger, 19, apparently the owner of a barber shop, and Wilhelmina Bahmer, 42, and her four children.  All of the four boarders were from Germany and all were barbers.

In January, 1864, Frederick enlisted into Company K, 25th Ohio Infantry.  This regiment was on a leave home, but most of them reenlisted.  However, they needed more men to fill their numbers, and Frederick was recruited to join them.  The group headed to Hilton Head, South Carolina, where they were in several skirmishes.  The official records showed that Frederick was wounded on November 30, 1864, at the Battle of Honey Hill, South Carolina.  He was later discharged for disability,  being officially mustered out on May 26, 1865.

Elizabeth Wehrie (Warley) and Frederick Conrad were married on December 21, 1862 in Lucas County, Ohio.  They eventually settled in Defiance, Ohio, where Frederick continued the barbering trade.  Their five children were: Frederick A., William A., Alice M., Charles, and M. M.  Upon the birth of son Frederick, the father became known as Frederick, Sr.

Two sons preceded their parents in death: William and Charles.  William died in November 1895, at the home of his parents after suffering from consumption for years.  At thirty years old, he left a wife and three children.  

In August, 1908, their son, Charles, died at Defiance Hospital after suffering from consumption for three years and then having an operation there on an abscess. 
Charles was married to Josephine Gillian and had one daughter at the time of his death, also at the age of thirty.

For an undetermined length of time, Frederick, 60, and Elizabeth moved in with his mother on Woodland Avenue, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County.  Margaret Conrad was a widow born in January, 1819, according to the census of 1900.  The reason for this relocation is unknown, but by 1910, the couple were back in Defiance, living at their home at the corner of Wayne and 4th Streets. 

Elizabeth Conrad died in 1916.  Her obituary, in one Defiance paper of 1917:

The marriage date in the obituary conflicts with another record.
Frederick Conrad lived on until October 6, 1927, when he passed away in Defiance at the age of 87.

(This is part of a series on Civil War veterans of Defiance County who were part of the G.A.R., Bishop Post, that headquartered in the city.  Formed in 1879, the post was named after a local man, Captain William Bishop, Company D, 100th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Army who died as a result of wounds received in battle.  The veterans' photos are part of a composite photo of members that has survived.  If you have other information or corrections to add to the soldiers' stories, please add to the comments!)

Friday, January 5, 2018

Lewis D. Renollet - Bishop Post, G.A.R.

Born in Germany, Lewis Daniel Renollet immigrated in childhood to the United States.  Born January 14, 1830 to parents, Paul and Mary, his first appearance found in the census was in 1850.  At that time, the family lived in Pleasant Township, Henry County, Ohio.  Lewis, 19, was the oldest child at home with his siblings, Paul, 17; Catharine, 11 (the first child born in the U.S.), Mary, 7; Sophia, 5; and Daniel, 2.

In 1857, Lewis (L.D.) was married to Katherine Klein (Catherine Kline, Cline) on August 12, 1857.  The couple lived in Emerald Township, Paulding County - Lewis D. Renolet, 29 and Catherine, 20, with child, Mary J, 2, according to the 1860 census.  Paul Renollet, Lewis's brother, lived with them and probably helped on the farm.  Lewis's real estate was valued at $1500. 

By the time he enlisted in the 182nd Regiment, Company D, he and Katherine were the parents of four children.  He enlisted at the age of 34 on February 22, 1865, for one year.  He met up with the 182nd Ohio in Tennessee and was mustered out on July 7, 1865, the end of the war.  When he came home, the family remained in Paulding County, where they were enumerated again in the 1870 census.  The children named then were Mary J., 11; Ellen, 9; Irvin P., 7; Frank M.; and Melia, 3.  His brother, Paul, lived one farm away.

 The Lewis D. Renollet family was settled on Perry Street in Defiance by the time the enumerator came around in 1880.  Lewis, born Prussia, 48, and Catharine, born Bavaria, 39, were joined by their eight children still at home.  Added in the past ten years were Lewis D., 10; Levi W., 7; Edward T., 5, and Earle L., 2.
Father Lewis had given up farming and now worked at one of the local flour mills.

The sons of Lewis D. Renollet.  This photo was located on a public family tree on ancestry.com.
Sadly, in 1909, the youngest son, Earl Lorenzo, passed away. His obituary appeared in the Defiance Crescent News on March 5, 1909.

 The last census in which Lewis appeared was in 1910. He and Catharine lived at 1023 Harrison Street in Defiance with their daughter, Lillian, single and 29, and a grandson, Theo, 18.  Sometime between 1910 and 1918, Lewis was sent to the Soldiers and Sailors Home in Sandusky, Ohio, for his care.  He was 88 years old when he died there and was brought back to Paulding County for his burial in Renollet Cemetary.

(This is part of a series on Civil War veterans of Defiance County who were part of the G.A.R., Bishop Post, that headquartered in the city.  Formed in 1879, the post was named after a local man, Captain William Bishop, Company D, 100th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Army who died as a result of wounds received in battle.  The veterans' photos are part of a composite photo of members that has survived.  If you have other information or corrections to add to the soldiers' stories, please add to the comments!)

Wednesday, January 3, 2018

Salmagundi Club, 1898

For many years, Lloyd V. Tuttle contributed historic photos and information to the Defiance Crescent-News for his column: "A Backward Glance."  The Salmagundi Club was discussed on Tuesday, April 23, 1963.

"This is a picture of the Salmagundi Club taken after a meeting in 1898.  The literary club was organized three years before the photograph in 1895.

Pictured are, from left, back row: Mrs. John W. Winn (mother of Probate Judge, John Winn), Mrs. Carrie Bowlby, Mrs. Peter Weigerding (mother of Rena and Eda Weigerding), Mrs. H. B. Tenzer, Mrs. K. V. Haymaker (mother of Mildred Haymaker), Mrs. Catharine Weisenburger;
Seated in center, Mrs. Della Brechbill, Mrs. Katharine Sites, Mrs. Laura Lind (mother of Krotz-Brady), Miss Helen Phelps, and Mrs. Violet Weisenburger.

The picture was contributed to the 'Backward Glance' by Mrs. C. J. Thompson, Jr., 1540 South Clinton St.  It was given to Mrs. Thompson by Mrs. Katharine Sites, after the former became a member of the club in 1932." 

The word, "Salmagundi," was defined as "a general mixture, potpourri, a miscellaneous collection," which could describe the studies of the group quite well.  In early newspapers, we read that a subject for the year would be chosen, and then members would present papers connected to that subject.  The club often sponsored events, some to benefit the public library, and occasionally, husbands were invited to play Pedro, a popular card game of the 1900s.

In 1909, the Defiance Crescent News published a series called "Clubdom in Defiance," and on May 22, the Salmagundi Club was featured:


Late in the fall of '95, a number of ladies met at the home of Mr. F. S. Bowlby, and under the supervision of Miss Helen Phelps organized a Literary Circle.  A code of rules and regulations drawn up by Miss Phelps were read before the ladies and as all were pleased, they were unanimously accepted. On the first election of officers, Mrs. Mary Tenzer was elected President; Mrs. Delia Brechbill, Vice President; Mrs Violet Weisenberger, Secretary and Treasurer.  The second meeting was held the following Friday at Mrs. Bowlby's to further the plans suggested at the first gathering.

The objects sought were mutual help, intellectual improvement, andsocial enjoyment.  Meetings were to be held every two weeks on Friday afternoon, from two-thirty until four at the home of the members in alphabetical order.  The carnation was chosen as the flower, colors being pink and green.  A number of names for the circle were presented and from these names, Salmagundi was chosen.  Miss Phelps christened the Circle, and since then has been known as our God-mother. 

Of the original number, seven still remain, Eugenia Haymaker, Catherine Sites, Mary Tenzer, Catherine Weisenberger, Violet Weisenberger, Ida Weigerding, Carry Bowlby, Helen Phelps and Mary Krotz-Brady, the last three being associate members."

At this point, a list of past members and officers was given, which might be obtained from the newspaper listed above. 
For the first three years, the club studied everything American - origin of the race, birds, flowers, songs ,novelists, humorists, sailors, soldiers, and statesman.  In the fourth year, English authors were studied and, for the first time, the group printed their annual book of programs.
 Image result for classic books
The fifth year focused on English and French history, as well as studies of those countries, as well as Italy and Spain.  Russia, Shakespeare, Grecian and Italian art, American art, Japan, Holland, the Colonial period and the rise of the West were some other topics for the year, along with many others. 

The reporter concluded:

"The papers presented have been of a high order and could not have been prepared without wide reading and careful thought.
Each has derived most benefit from her own work, but those who listened with attention must have gleaned many golden grains of knowledge.  Through these, we have gained a wider interest in the places brought before us and so have vastly extended our horizons."



Monday, January 1, 2018

W. P. A. Cemetery Survey - Moats Cemetery, Delaware Township

In this series, some of the general surveys of Defiance County cemeteries will be shared, transcribed as written on the original W.P.A. reports, with a few punctuation and/or spelling changes for readability.  The surveys were probably done around 1936.

For more up to date information on the cemeteries, check out this chart on our website:

Moats Cemetery

1. Name of cemetery:

The Moats Cemetery, so named from the people who donated the land on which it is located and now live in the first house east of it.  Up until about 1900, a town by the name of Moats was located near here on the C & N R.R.

2. Location, how reached:

In Delaware Township in section #4, near the Cincinnati Northern Railroad, it is 3 1/2 miles north and 1 1/2 miles east of Sherwood.  It is on no state route - U.S. #127 runs to the west of it half mile.  It is located on the winding mud creek road and on Mud Creek.

3. Caretaker:

In general, it is kept up by the Moats family, but is controlled by the trustees of Delaware Township and Mr. A. J. McFeeters is the official caretaker.

Moats Cemetery at www.findagrave.com
 4. General description, size, appearance, etc.:

This Moats Cemetery is a very nice, well kept up, rural graveyard, is laid out in lots and contains about four acres of well wooded grounds.  It is surrounded by a new ornamental wire fence painted green.  Over the gateway is the name in iron scroll work.  Brick posts support this overhead archway.  The grounds are also well cut and the shrubbery trimmed.  The trees are also well kept; it is clean, pretty and well looked after.

There are many new, modern granite markers of the heavy type.  It is not connected with any church; however, the old church which was at the old hamlet of Moats was Methodist.  The building still stands, but is not used.  This cemetery stands on a small knoll on the banks of Mud Creek - some beautiful scenery surrounds it.

5. Name and date of first burial recorded:

The old part of the cemetery date back to 1852, a person whose last name was Duch and whose first name is not readable was buried here in that year.  From then until the late nineties, the graveyard was used as the burial grounds for the people of the town of Moats.  Then it was, for awhile, completely abandoned until twenty years ago when it was fixed up and laid out in lots and opened up as a rural cemetery, used mostly for the neighbors in the near vicinity.  This was in the year 1915.

(That stone could not be located, but here are several very early stones found.)

Charlotte Baker at www.findagrave.com
6. Names of important persons buried there:

The name of Moats predominates in this cemetery, this family having four granite markers erected.  The town of Moats was named from these people who practically owned the town, saw mills, grocery, ran the post office and were station agents.

Paul Moats of Sherwood, automobile dealer, is a grandson of one of these old men who started Moats village, as are also the Douglas Moats family who still live here and are well to do farmers today, owning just about a section of land.

James Lewis, died 1854,  at www.findagrave.com

7. Markers of unusual appearance:

The markers range from the old, white slab ones to huge granite ones of the modern type.  I would say the finest is that of Coys which is a dark gray sand stone and granite.

8. Unusual epitaphs:  None

9.  Is cemetery used for new burials?  Yes.

George and Barbara Coy at www.findagrave.com
 C. Cadwallader and C. Gish,

Consultant: A. J. McFeeters,
Sherwood, Ohio 


(The Works Progress Administration was formed by Franklin Delano Roosevelt in reaction to the Great Depression as a means of employing Americans and stimulating the economy.  Established in 1935, one of the projects of the W.P.A. was to conduct Historical Records Surveys, one of which included finding information on cemeteries and the graves of veterans.  The W.P.A. was disbanded in 1943, but the historical information provided on these surveys continue to be of interest and are, thankfully, preserved.)